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How can vertical farming indoor farming save time and money?

How can vertical farming indoor farming save time and money?

Vertical farming is the practice of growing food in vertically pilled layers like a shipping container, used warehouse, or skyscraper. The contemporary ideas of vertical farming apply indoor farming techniques and controlled-environment agriculture technology, where every environmental factor can be controlled. These facilities make use of artificial control of grow light, temperature, humidity, gases, and fertigation. Several vertical farms apply techniques similar to grow tents, where natural sunlight can be increased with artificial lighting and metal reflectors.

Vertical farming several advantages:

  • Vertical farms are flexible and can be adjusted to suit any building
  • Vertical farming can feed more people compared to conventional farming can since they produce 70 times more food per square meter than tradition farm
  • They use no pesticides nor fungicides hence food is safe and healthier
  • Indoor farming may also regulate plant fertilizing nutrients hence the food that is produced is highly nutritious
  • The method helps in preserving lands and rainforest and also allow time for other lands to recover and restore topsoil.
  • It helps reduce carbon consumption
  • They reduce water consumption since indoor farms use 85 per cent less water than outdoor farms, therefore, having a dry or wet season does not matter.
  • It allows the growing of massive volume of food in a relatively small area and uses less water.

Controlled environment agriculture

Controlled environment agriculture technologies include Hydroponics that can be beneficial using grow light and techniques that include grow tents.

This is a technology-based approach regarding agriculture. Agriculture technique in controlled environment such as hydroponic system aims to offer protection as well as enhance optimal growing conditions all through the development of the crop. Production occurs within a growing ringed structure like grow tent or building. Plants are typically grown using hydroscopic methods to supply the right amounts of water and nutrients to the root zone. Controlled environment agriculture makes perfect use of resources like water, space, capital, labour, energy, and time.

Control variables include temperature, grow light intensity, humidity inside grow tents, carbon dioxide, nutrient pH, and nutrient concentration fertilizers. Hydroponic facilities can range from completely automated glasshouse with computerized watering, ventilation and grow lighting, to low-tech solutions like plastic or clothes on plastic-covered tunnels and field grown crops. It is applied on research so that particular aspect of production can be secluded as other variables remain constant.

Biofortification

This is the idea of breeding crops to improve their nutritional value. This can be achieved through genetic engineering or conventional selective breeding. Bio fortification is different from universal fortification since it focuses more on generating plant foods more nutritious as the plants are growing, rather than getting nutrients added to the food when they are being processed.

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